Languages are defined as forms of structured human communication in the form-factors of speech, writing, or gestures. The structure of languages includes grammar, vocabulary, and other factors.
Languages are usually organized according to their known language family. A language family is a collection of languages derived from a common ancestor. For example, English, Latin, and Greek are derived from the Indo-European family of languages. That is why they share common words. Unclassified languages are generally known as linguistic isolates; or languages that have no known ancestor. Examples of linguistic isolates include the Sumerian language and the Basque language.
List of attested languages: Family › A–Z
In contrast to attested languages, proto-languages are languages that are not documented in the written record; however, scholars believe in their existence because of findings in the field of comparative linguistics. Examples of proto-languages include Proto-Indo-European and Proto-Afro-Asiatic.
List of proto-languages: A–Z
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Attested Language is a term in
Basque is a language that belongs to the Unclassified language family.Read more
Comparative Linguistics is a field of study that concerns the scientific study of comparing languages.Read more
Indo-European is a language family.Read more
Language is a term in
Language Family is a term in
Proto-Afro-Asiatic is a proto-language that belongs to the Afro-Asiatic language family.Read more
Proto-Indo-European is a proto-language that belongs to the Indo-European language family.Read more
Proto-Language is a term in
Script is a term in
Sumerian is a language that belongs to the Unclassified language family.Read more
Unclassified is a language family.Read more