Ancient Egyptian (language)

Ancient Egyptian is a language that belongs to the Afro-Asiatic language family. Its parent language is Proto-Afro-Asiatic, a proto-language. In Ancient Egyptian, words like Ka (𓂓 · kꜣ) and Ib (𓄣 · ib) are related to mental activity or other psychological processes. To transcribe the Ancient Egyptian language from speech to writing, scripts (writing systems) like Egyptian Hieroglyphs are used.

For example, the sentence below utilizes both the Ancient Egyptian language and Egyptian Hieroglyphs script:

Ancient Egyptian: Example sentence 'I will praise s/he who is the lord of wisdom.'
iw=i r dwꜣ nty nb n sꜣt
I will praise s/he who is the lord of wisdom.

Psychological words in Ancient Egyptian: A–Z

Entry
Signs
Simple definition
noun
Ba
Term: Ba (bꜣ) (bꜣ)
soul
noun
Ib
Term: Ib (ib) (ib)
physical heart; seat of thoughts and emotions
noun
Ka
Term: Ka (kꜣ) (kꜣ)
soul, spirit; essence of a being
noun
Term: Khaty (ḥꜣty) (ḥꜣty)
heart
noun
Term: Sawt (sꜣt) (sꜣt)
wisdom

More information about Ancient Egyptian

Entry
Source
§ 7
Woodard, CEWAL, 160–217. Read on OMNIKA
§ Egyptian
Dalby, DoL, 165. Read on OMNIKA

Citation

MLA 8

PsychLing Contributors. "Ancient Egyptian." PsychLing, OMNIKA Foundation, 25 Jul. 2023, psylng.org/mli/afro/egy. Accessed 22 Jul. 2024.

APA 6

PsychLing (2023, July 25). Ancient Egyptian. Retrieved from https://psylng.org/mli/afro/egy

CMS 16

PsychLing Contributors. "Ancient Egyptian." Las Vegas, NV: OMNIKA Foundation. Created July 25, 2023. Modified September 18, 2023. Accessed July 22, 2024. https://psylng.org/mli/afro/egy.

Bibliography

RTO

Almansa-Villatoro, María Victoria, and Silvia Štubňová Nigrelli, eds. Ancient Egyptian and Afroasiatic: Rethinking the Origins. University Park, PA: Eisenbrauns, 2023.

DLP

Crystal, David, ed. A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. 6ed. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2011.

DoL

Dalby, Andrew. Dictionary of Languages: The Definitive Reference to More Than 400 Languages. London, United Kingdom: A & C Black, 2004.

Ethnologue

Eberhard, David M., Gary F. Simons, and Charles D. Fennig, eds. "Ethnologue: Languages of the World. 25th ed." Dallas, TX: SIL International, 2022. Accessed August 20, 2023. https://www.ethnologue.com. [Visit]

CDME

Faulkner, Raymond O. A Concise Dictionary of Middle Egyptian: Modernized by Boris Jegorović. Edited by Boris Jegorović. Oxford, United Kingdom: Griffith Institute, 2017.

Glottolog

Hammarström, Harald, Robert Forkel, Martin Haspelmath, and Sebastian Bank. "Glottolog: A Database of Languages." Leipzig, Germany: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. Created 2011. Accessed July 28, 2023. https://glottolog.org. [Visit]

OMNIKA

OMNIKA Foundation Contributors. "OMNIKA: Digital Mythology Library." Las Vegas, NV: OMNIKA Foundation. Created January 21, 2019. Accessed July 28, 2023. https://omnika.org. [Visit]

ISO 639-3

SIL International Contributors. "ISO 639-3 Registration Authority: International Standard for Language Codes." Dallas, TX: SIL International. Accessed July 28, 2023. https://iso639-3.sil.org. [Visit]

ScriptSource

SIL International Contributors. "ScriptSource: Index of Languages and Writing Systems." Dallas, TX: SIL International. Created June 11, 2011. Accessed July 28, 2023. https://scriptsource.org. [Visit]

RO 68(1)

Takács, Gábor. "Layers of the Oldest Egyptian Lexicon I." Rocznik Orientalistyczny 68, no. 1 (2015): 85–39.

Wikipedia

Wales, Jimmy D., Larry Sanger, et al. "Wikipedia: A Multilingual Free Online Encyclopedia." San Francisco, CA: Wikimedia Foundation. Created January 15, 2001. Accessed August 20, 2023. https://www.wikipedia.org. [Visit]

CEWAL

Woodard, Roger D., ed. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World’s Ancient Languages. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

PsychLing MLI

Afro-Asiatic is a language family.

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PsychLing Glossary

Attested Language is a term in Historical Linguistics that means a language with documented writing.

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PsychLing MLI

Ba (𓅡 𓏤 · bꜣ · noun) is a word in the Ancient Egyptian language that is usually translated as "soul."

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PsychLing MLI

Egyptian Hieroglyphs is a script, or writing system, that belongs to the African family of scripts.

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PsychLing MLI

Ib (𓄣 · ib · noun) is a word in the Ancient Egyptian language that is usually translated as "physical heart; seat of thoughts and emotions."

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PsychLing MLI

Ka (𓂓 · kꜣ · noun) is a word in the Ancient Egyptian language that is usually translated as "soul, spirit; essence of a being."

Read more

PsychLing MLI

Khaty (noun) is a word in the Ancient Egyptian language that is usually translated as "heart."

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PsychLing Glossary

Language is a term in Linguistics that means structured human communication like speech, writing, or gestures.

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PsychLing Glossary

Language Family is a term in Historical Linguistics that means a collection of languages derived from a common ancestor.

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PsychLing MLI

Proto-Afro-Asiatic is a proto-language that belongs to the Afro-Asiatic language family.

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PsychLing Glossary

Proto-Language is a term in Historical Linguistics that means a hypothetical ancestor language of other languages.

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PsychLing MLI

Sawt (noun) is a word in the Ancient Egyptian language that is usually translated as "wisdom."

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PsychLing Glossary

Script is a term in Grammatology that means a collection of symbols used to transcribe human speech into writing.

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