Ancient Greek (language)

Ancient Greek is a language that belongs to the Indo-European language family. Its parent language is Proto-Hellenic, a proto-language. In Ancient Greek, words like Thumos (θῡμός · thūmós) and Noos (νόος · nóos) are related to mental activity or other psychological processes. To transcribe the Ancient Greek language from speech to writing, scripts (writing systems) like Greek are used.

For example, the sentence below utilizes both the Ancient Greek language and Greek script:

Θα επαινέσω μόνο τον άρχοντα της σοφίας
I will only praise the lord of wisdom

Psychological words in Ancient Greek: A–Z

Entry
Signs
Simple definition
noun
μένος (ménos)
mind; courage; spirit
noun
νόος (nóos)
mind
noun
θῡμός (thūmós)
vital force, spirit, life

Citation

MLA 8

PsychLing Contributors. "Ancient Greek." PsychLing, OMNIKA Foundation, 25 Jul. 2023, psylng.org/mli/indo/grc. Accessed 29 May. 2024.

APA 6

PsychLing (2023, July 25). Ancient Greek. Retrieved from https://psylng.org/mli/indo/grc

CMS 16

PsychLing Contributors. "Ancient Greek." Las Vegas, NV: OMNIKA Foundation. Created July 25, 2023. Modified October 9, 2023. Accessed May 29, 2024. https://psylng.org/mli/indo/grc.

Bibliography

HDSC

Autenrieth, Georg. A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges: Based Upon the German of Dr. Georg Autenrieth. Edited by Isaac G. Flagg. Translated by Robert P. Keep. New York, NY: Harper & Brothers, 1891.

EDG

Beekes, Robert S. P., and Lucien van Beek. Etymological Dictionary of Greek. 2 vols. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 2010.

Hopper

Crane, Gregory R. "Perseus Hopper." Department of Classical Studies, Tufts University, Medford, MA. Created 1985. Accessed July 30, 2023. http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper. [Visit]

DLP

Crystal, David, ed. A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. 6ed. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2011.

DoL

Dalby, Andrew. Dictionary of Languages: The Definitive Reference to More Than 400 Languages. London, United Kingdom: A & C Black, 2004.

Ethnologue

Eberhard, David M., Gary F. Simons, and Charles D. Fennig, eds. "Ethnologue: Languages of the World. 25th ed." Dallas, TX: SIL International, 2022. Accessed August 20, 2023. https://www.ethnologue.com. [Visit]

Glottolog

Hammarström, Harald, Robert Forkel, Martin Haspelmath, and Sebastian Bank. "Glottolog: A Database of Languages." Leipzig, Germany: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. Created 2011. Accessed July 28, 2023. https://glottolog.org. [Visit]

IDS

Key, Mary R., and Bernard Comrie, eds. "IDS: The Intercontinental Dictionary Series." Leipzig, Germany: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. Created 2013. Accessed August 28, 2023. https://ids.clld.org. [Visit]

Middle Liddell

Liddell, Henry G., and Robert Scott. An Intermediate Greek-English Lexicon: Founded Upon the Seventh Edition of Liddell and Scott's Greek-English Lexicon. New York, NY: Harper & Brothers, 1889.

OI PIE

Mallory, James P., and Douglas Q. Adams. The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European World. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press, 2006.

BDAG

Montanari, Franco, ed. The Brill Dictionary of Ancient Greek. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 2015.

Allo

OMNIKA Foundation Contributors. "Allo: A Modern Dictionary for Dead Ancient Languages." Las Vegas, NV: OMNIKA Foundation. Created March 15, 2019. Accessed July 28, 2023. https://ancientlanguages.org. [Visit]

OMNIKA

OMNIKA Foundation Contributors. "OMNIKA: Digital Mythology Library." Las Vegas, NV: OMNIKA Foundation. Created January 21, 2019. Accessed July 28, 2023. https://omnika.org. [Visit]

ISO 639-3

SIL International Contributors. "ISO 639-3 Registration Authority: International Standard for Language Codes." Dallas, TX: SIL International. Accessed July 28, 2023. https://iso639-3.sil.org. [Visit]

ScriptSource

SIL International Contributors. "ScriptSource: Index of Languages and Writing Systems." Dallas, TX: SIL International. Created June 11, 2011. Accessed July 28, 2023. https://scriptsource.org. [Visit]

Wikipedia

Wales, Jimmy D., Larry Sanger, et al. "Wikipedia: A Multilingual Free Online Encyclopedia." San Francisco, CA: Wikimedia Foundation. Created January 15, 2001. Accessed August 20, 2023. https://www.wikipedia.org. [Visit]

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Menos (μένος · ménos · noun) is a word in the Ancient Greek language that is usually translated as "mind; courage; spirit."

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Noos (νόος · nóos · noun) is a word in the Ancient Greek language that is usually translated as "mind."

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Proto-Hellenic is a proto-language that belongs to the Indo-European language family.

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Thumos (θῡμός · thūmós · noun) is a word in the Ancient Greek language that is usually translated as "vital force, spirit, life."

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