*muni- (root) "thought, mind"

*muni- is a reconstructed root in the Proto-Germanic proto-language related to psycholinguistics. It is usually translated as "thought, mind." The Proto-Germanic Proto-Language belongs to the language family known as Indo-European.

The Etymology of *muni- is unclear: it may be derived from Proto-Indo-European *men-.

Notice about reconstructed forms

Heads up This page contains 'proto' and '*' records. This means that they are unattested, hypothetical forms derived using the comparative method. These are speculative.

The study of language is aided by means of documented evidence in the form-factor of writing. However, not all languages utilized writing at all points in time. Consequently, scholars rely on the comparative method in order to fill this gap. While useful, this method is not perfect. This is why words that begin with '*' are called reconstructions; they are word forms reconstructed by means of said method.

  • What this means: information with 'proto-' or '*' before it is either speculative, understood as accurate by a minority of scholars, or both
  • Why this is: there is a lack of attested written records or scholars may disagree
  • Why this matters: these data may be inaccurate or subject to rapid change
  • Why this is included: reconstructed languages and terms help scholars study historical linguistics; and they encourage open debate

In short, it is not recommended to rely on these data as facts. Before referencing these data for scholarly works, we recommend checking for newer sources. If referencing said data, we recommend introducing them with indeterminate modifiers such as "some evidence may suggest that ..." or "one interpretation by [scholar name] argues that ...", and so forth.

Main definition source for *muni-

Coming soon.

Other mentions of *muni-

Entry
Source
*muni-
Kroonen, EDPG, 376. Read on OMNIKA

Descendants of *muni-

Citation

MLA 8

PsychLing Contributors. "*muni-." PsychLing, OMNIKA Foundation, 7 Sep. 2023, psylng.org/mli/indo/proto-germanic/muni. Accessed 17 Apr. 2024.

APA 6

PsychLing (2023, September 7). *muni-. Retrieved from https://psylng.org/mli/indo/proto-germanic/muni

CMS 16

PsychLing Contributors. "*muni-." Las Vegas, NV: OMNIKA Foundation. Created September 7, 2023. Modified September 7, 2023. Accessed April 17, 2024. https://psylng.org/mli/indo/proto-germanic/muni.

Bibliography

GHL

Campbell, Lyle R., and Mauricio J. Mixco, eds. A Glossary of Historical Linguistics. Edinburgh, Scotland: Edinburgh University Press, 2007.

DLP

Crystal, David, ed. A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. 6ed. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2011.

EDPG

Kroonen, Guus. Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic.Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 2013.

Wiktionary

Wales, Jimmy D., et al. "Wiktionary: The Free Dictionary." San Francisco, CA: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. Created December 12, 2002. Accessed July 28, 2023. https://wiktionary.org. [Visit]

PsychLing MLI

*men- is a reconstructed root from the proto-language known as Proto-Indo-European. Scholars believe that it means "think; consider."

Read more

PsychLing Glossary

Attested Language is a term in Historical Linguistics that means a language with documented writing.

Read more

PsychLing Glossary

Comparative Linguistics is a field of study that concerns the scientific study of comparing languages.

Read more

PsychLing Glossary

Comparative Method is a term in Comparative Linguistics that means a method of comparing languages and words to determine if they are related.

Read more

PsychLing Glossary

Etymology is a field of study that concerns the study of word origins.

Read more

PsychLing MLI

Indo-European is a language family.

Read more

PsychLing Glossary

Language Family is a term in Historical Linguistics that means a collection of languages derived from a common ancestor.

Read more

PsychLing Glossary

Proto- is a term in Historical Linguistics that means a prefix used to denote hypothetical aspects of ancestral languages.

Read more

PsychLing MLI

Proto-Germanic is a proto-language that belongs to the Indo-European language family.

Read more

PsychLing Glossary

Proto-Language is a term in Historical Linguistics that means a hypothetical ancestor language of other languages.

Read more

PsychLing Glossary

Reconstruction is a term in Historical Linguistics that means a procedure for determining the ancestral form of a word in an unattested language.

Read more