Libbum (𒊮 · libbum · noun ) "heart; mind, thought; center, wish, midst"

Libbum (signs: 𒊮 · transliteration: libbum) is a word in the Akkadian language related to psycholinguistics. It is usually translated as "(noun) heart; mind, thought; center, wish, midst." The Akkadian language belongs to the language family known as Afro-Asiatic.

Libbum may be derived from *lib-, which is a reconstructed root from the proto-language called Proto-Afro-Asiatic.

Definition of "Libbum"

Source: A Concise Dictionary of Akkadian

S.v., Libbum

. n.

"inner body; heart" [ŠÀ]

A. n.

1. "inner body, internal organs" of human, animal "womb", ša l .- ša "foetus"; șīt libbi "offspring" of father 2. "heart" of human; of animal, in extispicy, as meat portion; (parts - dūru I 3, papānu 2, rēšu) 3. l. īni "iris"? 4. as seat of emotions, thought, memory "mind, mood, spirit"; joyful, angry, sorrowful; of loyalty - gamāru II Gt, D; peaceful, fearful; ina l. bašû "to be in" s.o.'s "thoughts", ina l. šakānu "to take to heart" 5. as seat of will, šumma l. "if it is wish of" s.o., kī l. "according to wish" of s.o., ašar l. "where" s.o. "wishes"; mutu libbiša "a husband of her choosing"; la l. ili(mma) "against god's will; alas", OB ul libbī "I don't want to"; NB ina hud libbišu "of his own free will" 6. OA pl. "attitude" towards s.o. 7. "courage", l. nadānum, l. šakānu "to encourage"

B.

transf. 1. "content" of letter, statement 2. "interior" of city, palace, sea etc., "pith" of reed 3. "heart" (= various parts) of date palm, NB also lib(bi) libbi 4. (an ornament) of metal, stone 5. NA akal l. (a pastry)? 6. OB "weft"

C.

in prep. expressions 1. ina l. (after ša without ina) [ŠA.BA for ina libbi(ša/šu)]; ša libbi(šalšu) "in(side), within" of space, time; "from among"; "from out of"; OA "incumbent on"; NA, NB "by means of", "in exchange for"; NB oath "by" DN; NA "at the time of" s.o. 2. loc .- adv. (usu. libbū) "from out of, belonging to" group, larger quantity; NB "in the same way as, just like" 3. ana l. "into, towards"; "as addition to"; "against, in opposition to"; "on account of, because of"; NB "(in exchange) for" 4. ultu/ištulissu l. “from (out of)"; of time "since" 5. adi l. "until"; "as far as"

D. adv.

adv. etc. 1. ina l. "in there, therein" 2. "from out of it/them" 3. NB ina libbi kī "because of the fact that" 4. ana l.(-ma) "to the interior"; > libbānu

libbu(m)

n.

"inner body; heart" [ŠÀ]

libbu(m) n.

"inner body; heart" [ŠÀ]

A n.

1. "inner body, internal organs" of human, animal "womb", ša l .- ša "foetus"; șīt libbi "offspring" of father 2. "heart" of human; of animal, in extispicy, as meat portion; (parts - dūru I 3, papānu 2, rēšu) 3. l. īni "iris"? 4. as seat of emotions, thought, memory "mind, mood, spirit"; joyful, angry, sorrowful; of loyalty - gamāru II Gt, D; peaceful, fearful; ina l. bašû "to be in" s.o.'s "thoughts", ina l. šakānu "to take to heart" 5. as seat of will, šumma l. "if it is wish of" s.o., kī l. "according to wish" of s.o., ašar l. "where" s.o. "wishes"; mutu libbiša "a husband of her choosing"; la l. ili(mma) "against god's will; alas", OB ul libbī "I don't want to"; NB ina hud libbišu "of his own free will" 6. OA pl. "attitude" towards s.o. 7. "courage", l. nadānum, l. šakānu "to encourage"

A n.

1. "inner body, internal organs" of human, animal "womb", ša l .- ša "foetus"; șīt libbi "offspring" of father 2. "heart" of human; of animal, in extispicy, as meat portion; (parts - dūru I 3, papānu 2, rēšu) 3. l. īni "iris"? 4. as seat of emotions, thought, memory "mind, mood, spirit"; joyful, angry, sorrowful; of loyalty - gamāru II Gt, D; peaceful, fearful; ina l. bašû "to be in" s.o.'s "thoughts", ina l. šakānu "to take to heart" 5. as seat of will, šumma l. "if it is wish of" s.o., kī l. "according to wish" of s.o., ašar l. "where" s.o. "wishes"; mutu libbiša "a husband of her choosing"; la l. ili(mma) "against god's will; alas", OB ul libbī "I don't want to"; NB ina hud libbišu "of his own free will" 6. OA pl. "attitude" towards s.o. 7. "courage", l. nadānum, l. šakānu "to encourage"

B

transf. 1. "content" of letter, statement 2. "interior" of city, palace, sea etc., "pith" of reed 3. "heart" (= various parts) of date palm, NB also lib(bi) libbi 4. (an ornament) of metal, stone 5. NA akal l. (a pastry)? 6. OB "weft"

B

transf. 1. "content" of letter, statement 2. "interior" of city, palace, sea etc., "pith" of reed 3. "heart" (= various parts) of date palm, NB also lib(bi) libbi 4. (an ornament) of metal, stone 5. NA akal l. (a pastry)? 6. OB "weft"

C

in prep. expressions 1. ina l. (after ša without ina) [ŠA.BA for ina libbi(ša/šu)]; ša libbi(šalšu) "in(side), within" of space, time; "from among"; "from out of"; OA "incumbent on"; NA, NB "by means of", "in exchange for"; NB oath "by" DN; NA "at the time of" s.o. 2. loc .- adv. (usu. libbū) "from out of, belonging to" group, larger quantity; NB "in the same way as, just like" 3. ana l. "into, towards"; "as addition to"; "against, in opposition to"; "on account of, because of"; NB "(in exchange) for" 4. ultu/ištulissu l. “from (out of)"; of time "since" 5. adi l. "until"; "as far as"

C

in prep. expressions 1. ina l. (after ša without ina) [ŠA.BA for ina libbi(ša/šu)]; ša libbi(šalšu) "in(side), within" of space, time; "from among"; "from out of"; OA "incumbent on"; NA, NB "by means of", "in exchange for"; NB oath "by" DN; NA "at the time of" s.o. 2. loc .- adv. (usu. libbū) "from out of, belonging to" group, larger quantity; NB "in the same way as, just like" 3. ana l. "into, towards"; "as addition to"; "against, in opposition to"; "on account of, because of"; NB "(in exchange) for" 4. ultu/ištulissu l. “from (out of)"; of time "since" 5. adi l. "until"; "as far as"

D adv.

adv. etc. 1. ina l. "in there, therein" 2. "from out of it/them" 3. NB ina libbi kī "because of the fact that" 4. ana l.(-ma) "to the interior"; > libbānu

D adv.

adv. etc. 1. ina l. "in there, therein" 2. "from out of it/them" 3. NB ina libbi kī "because of the fact that" 4. ana l.(-ma) "to the interior"; > libbānu

Black, CDA 2ed., 181. [View as image] [Read on OMNIKA]

Page Image(s)
Libbum on page 181 of A Concise Dictionary of Akkadian
Definition of 'Libbum'
#
Type
Definition
Entry: libbu(m)
Noun

"inner body; heart" [ŠÀ]

Entry:
A
Noun

1. "inner body, internal organs" of human, animal "womb", ša l .- ša "foetus"; șīt libbi "offspring" of father 2. "heart" of human; of animal, in extispicy, as meat portion; (parts - dūru I 3, papānu 2, rēšu) 3. l. īni "iris"? 4. as seat of emotions, thought, memory "mind, mood, spirit"; joyful, angry, sorrowful; of loyalty - gamāru II Gt, D; peaceful, fearful; ina l. bašû "to be in" s.o.'s "thoughts", ina l. šakānu "to take to heart" 5. as seat of will, šumma l. "if it is wish of" s.o., kī l. "according to wish" of s.o., ašar l. "where" s.o. "wishes"; mutu libbiša "a husband of her choosing"; la l. ili(mma) "against god's will; alas", OB ul libbī "I don't want to"; NB ina hud libbišu "of his own free will" 6. OA pl. "attitude" towards s.o. 7. "courage", l. nadānum, l. šakānu "to encourage"

Entry:
B
Noun

transf. 1. "content" of letter, statement 2. "interior" of city, palace, sea etc., "pith" of reed 3. "heart" (= various parts) of date palm, NB also lib(bi) libbi 4. (an ornament) of metal, stone 5. NA akal l. (a pastry)? 6. OB "weft"

Entry:
C

in prep. expressions 1. ina l. (after ša without ina) [ŠA.BA for ina libbi(ša/šu)]; ša libbi(šalšu) "in(side), within" of space, time; "from among"; "from out of"; OA "incumbent on"; NA, NB "by means of", "in exchange for"; NB oath "by" DN; NA "at the time of" s.o. 2. loc .- adv. (usu. libbū) "from out of, belonging to" group, larger quantity; NB "in the same way as, just like" 3. ana l. "into, towards"; "as addition to"; "against, in opposition to"; "on account of, because of"; NB "(in exchange) for" 4. ultu/ištulissu l. “from (out of)"; of time "since" 5. adi l. "until"; "as far as"

Entry:
D

adv. etc. 1. ina l. "in there, therein" 2. "from out of it/them" 3. NB ina libbi kī "because of the fact that" 4. ana l.(-ma) "to the interior"; > libbānu

Source: Black, CDA 2ed., 181. [View as image]
Page Image(s)
Libbum on page 181 of A Concise Dictionary of Akkadian
Definition of 'Libbum'
[Read on OMNIKA]

Other definition sources for "Libbum"

Entry
Source
libbu
Oppenheim, CAD 9/L, 164–176. Read on OMNIKA

Example sentences

Coming soon.

Citation

MLA 8

PsychLing Contributors. "Libbum." PsychLing, OMNIKA Foundation, 11 Aug. 2023, psylng.org/mli/afro/akk/libbum. Accessed 26 Feb. 2024.

APA 6

PsychLing (2023, August 11). Libbum. Retrieved from https://psylng.org/mli/afro/akk/libbum

CMS 16

PsychLing Contributors. "Libbum." Las Vegas, NV: OMNIKA Foundation. Created August 11, 2023. Modified October 9, 2023. Accessed February 26, 2024. https://psylng.org/mli/afro/akk/libbum.

Bibliography

CDA 2ed.

Black, Jeremy, Andrew George, and Nicholas Postgate, eds. A Concise Dictionary of Akkadian. 2ed. Wiesbaden, Germany: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2000.

WM

Internet Archive Contributors. "Wayback Machine." San Francisco, CA: Internet Archive. Created October 24, 2001. Accessed July 21, 2023. https://web.archive.org. [Visit]

CAD 9/L

Oppenheim, Adolf L., Erica Reiner, and Robert D. Biggs, eds. The Assyrian Dictionary of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago: Volume 9, L. Chicago, IL: The Oriental Institute, 1973.

Unicode

Unicode Consortium Contributors. "Unicode Consortium: The World Standard for Text and Emoji." Unicode, Inc. Accessed July 28, 2023. https://home.unicode.org. [Visit]

Wiktionary

Wales, Jimmy D., et al. "Wiktionary: The Free Dictionary." San Francisco, CA: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. Created December 12, 2002. Accessed July 28, 2023. https://wiktionary.org. [Visit]

PsychLing MLI

*lib- is a reconstructed root from the proto-language known as Proto-Afro-Asiatic. Scholars believe that it means "heart."

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PsychLing MLI

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Akkadian is a language that belongs to the Afro-Asiatic language family.

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Psycholinguistics is a field of study that concerns the scientific study of the relationship between human behavior and language.

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PsychLing Glossary

Reconstruction is a term in Historical Linguistics that means a procedure for determining the ancestral form of a word in an unattested language.

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