Website definitions of ScriptSource Script Types
Source: ScriptSource (https://scriptsource.org)
- Alphabet: A segmental writing system in which symbols represent individual sounds (rather than whole syllables or morphemes). Consonants and vowels are written as independent letters.
- Abjad: A writing system in which symbols represent individual sounds (rather than whole syllables or morphemes). Vowels are omitted or optional.
- Abugida: A writing system based on consonants, with obligatory but secondary representation of vowels. Any given symbol represents a full syllable, which may be a single vowel or a complex combination of multiple consonants with a vowel. Where the symbol represents a combination of sounds, each sound will usually be represented by a particular element in the symbol, which is consistent across all syllables containing that sound.
- Featural: A writing system in which symbols represent phonetic features, rather than sounds. For example, all dental sounds (those produced with the tip of the tongue touching the teeth) will be written with symbols containing a common element. In a perfectly featural writing system, two sounds which differ only in one aspect (for example voicing) will be represented by symbols which also differ in only one aspect. Featural writing systems appear to be particularly well-suited for scripts used by the Deaf.
- Logo-syllabary: A writing system in which symbols primarily represent words or morphemes, but often have a secondary, phonetic role also. Determinatives may also be used - symbols with no phonetic content which serve to clarify the meaning of a word which has been spelled out phonetically but the meaning of which is ambiguous.
- Syllabary: A writing system in which symbols represent syllables. A syllabary is different from an abugida in that syllables containing common sounds (for example all syllables beginning with [m] or ending with [u]) will not necessarily be represented by symbols having anything in common.
SIL International Contributors, "ScriptSource: Script Types," accessed May 4, 2022, https://scriptsource.org/cms/scripts/page.php?item_id=entry_detail&uid=cq3q4pwuah. [Visit]
PDF of Website Page
PsychLing Contributors. "ScriptSource Script Types." PsychLing, OMNIKA Foundation, 18 Sep. 2023, psylng.org/glossary/term/scriptsource-script-types. Accessed 10 Dec. 2023.
PsychLing (2023, September 18). ScriptSource Script Types. Retrieved from https://psylng.org/glossary/term/scriptsource-script-types
APA Contributors. "APA Dictionary of Psychology." Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Accessed September 14, 2023. https://dictionary.apa.org. [Visit]
Crystal, David, ed. A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. 6ed. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2011.
Internet Archive Contributors. "Wayback Machine." San Francisco, CA: Internet Archive. Created October 24, 2001. Accessed July 21, 2023. https://web.archive.org. [Visit]
SIL International Contributors. "ScriptSource: Index of Languages and Writing Systems." Dallas, TX: SIL International. Created June 11, 2011. Accessed July 28, 2023. https://scriptsource.org. [Visit]
Abjad is a term in
Abugida is a term in
Alphabet is a term in
Featural is a term in
Grammatology is a field of study that concerns the scientific study of writing.Read more
Logo-syllabary is a term in
Browse 23 psycholinguistic glossary terms and definitions organized in the Writing category.Read more